Springs play a very important role in the opening and closing of your garage door. Read further to find out what you should know about garage door springs and their functions, how they affect the life cycle of your garage door, and what to do when they need replacing.
Garage doors use either tension springs which are installed on either side of the track, often used on light single garage doors or torsion springs which are installed one or two along the wall above the door opening for double garage doors.
A well maintained spring system counterbalances your garage door. The correct spring system required for safe and consistent operation and balance is predetermined by engineers who implement specific formulas for the various garage doors.
Standard Tension Springs
Tension springs are coiled springs installed above the door's horizontal track.
Standard Torsion Springs
Just like any spring, garage door torsion springs store mechanical energy, which makes them tighten. Torsion springs store energy by using a rotating or twisting motion. The advantage of garage door torsion springs over conventional tension springs is that they can store more energy due to them being made from a denser material.
The torsion spring system includes a shaft, spring and drum assembly installed directly above the door opening just above the lintel. The torsion spring distributes the garage door's weight evenly, which is vital on a double garage door or an extremely heavy door. Standard torsion springs should only be installed and removed by a trained garage door technicians.
The Life Cycle of Springs
As the door is opened and closed over time, the steel in the springs can start to weaken as the door gradually becomes too heavy for them, making them less effective. The springs will eventually break, leaving the door closed. Torsion springs can also be affected by rust and cold weather.
The average garage door torsion springs will last somewhere between 5-7 years, and should last around 10,000 cycles. So, if you open and close your garage door 3-5 times a day for over 365 days in a year, you should get plenty of life out of your torsion springs.
The Risks and Dangers
A garage door with a broken torsion spring can fall rapidly and cause injury or even death. The most common danger happens when your torsion springs break and you decide to repair or replace them yourself. Torsion springs can be very dangerous, and you not only need the exact tools for the job, but you will also need to have good knowledge of the mechanics involved. Some of the parts involved in such a process can be life threatening, and must be handled with care and precision, which is why it is always recommended that you call in a technician, rather than trying to to replace or repair it by yourself. Failure to do so may leave you with injuries and/or damage to your property.
Therefore it is essential that you call a qualified garage door technician to repair your garage door.
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